The United States Supreme Court has held that the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution requires that an indigent defendant get an appointed lawyer for a criminal case in which the defendant is at risk of incarceration. The Sixth Amendment does not govern civil cases.
The Due Process Clause requires that an alleged civil contemnor receive:
- adequate notice of the importance of the ability to pay in order to be held in civil contempt;
- fair opportunity to present relevant information;
- fair opportunity to dispute relevant information; and
- court findings.